Amazonian manatee


• Nome científico: Trichechus inunguis
• Classe: Mammal
• Hábitos alimentares: Herbivore
• Status de conservação: Vulnerable


Origem:

Tapajós é um peixe-boi-amazônico que foi encontrado órfão no rio Tapajós, no Pará, e resgatado pelo Ampa (Associação Amigos do Peixe-Boi da Amazônia). Lá, ele foi muito bem cuidado até atingir idade suficiente para retornar ao seu habitat natural. Porém, sua soltura não foi possível, pois ele não apresentava as habilidades necessárias para sobreviver sozinho na natureza, sendo muito dependente dos cuidados dos tratadores. Então Tapajós foi enviado ao Aquário de São Paulo, para ser um embaixador de sua espécie e ajudar a na conscientização de milhares de pessoas sobre os problemas que os animais enfrentam por conta das ações dos seres humanos.

Informações gerais:

The Amazonian manatee inhabits exclusively rivers and lakes in the Amazon basin. It is the smallest of the manatees, reaching up to 3 meters in length. They rise to the surface to breathe, have hair distributed throughout the body, have molar teeth that fall out throughout their lives and are replaced by others. The Amazonian manatee has no nails on its fins, and in most individuals it has a white or pink spot on its belly.

Longevidade:

30 years.

Dieta:

In natural environment they feed on grass, macrophytes and other aquatic plants. At the São Paulo Aquarium, the diet consists of lettuce, endive, cabbage, chard, cabbage, beets, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, squash, grass, cane leaves, corn leaves.

Tamanho:

3 meters.

Peso:

480 kilos.

Distribuição geográfica:

This species is restricted to the Amazon Basin, occurring in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana and Peru.

Conservação:

The manatee is threatened with extinction, as in the past it was widely hunted for its meat and leather. Today, hunting, although illegal, is still mainly done by riverside populations for meat consumption. In addition to hunting, the other main threats to manatees are habitat degradation and accidents with fishing nets.

Habitat:

They inhabit lagoons and lakes with dense vegetation.

Reprodução:

This species can reproduce during the year and its gestation lasts 12 months, with only one baby being born. Puppies suckle for up to two years. Births occur mainly in the months of floods (December to June), as it is at this time that the greatest availability of food occurs. The interval between deliveries is 2 to 3 years. Sexual maturity is reached between 6 and 10 years of age.

Localização no Aquário de São Paulo:

Amazon sector