Sand tiger shark


• Nome científico: Carcharias taurus
• Classe: Fish
• Hábitos alimentares: Carnivore
• Status de conservação: Vulnerable


Informações gerais:

The Mangona shark, Carcharias taurus, is a nocturnal shark. Despite having pointed teeth exposed out of the mouth, giving an appearance of aggressiveness, the mangona shark - in fact - presents a calm and slow swimming behavior. To maintain neutral buoyancy, he swallows air from the surface - which is stored in his stomach - which allows him to swim steadily in half water.

Longevidade:

About 35 years.

Dieta:

In the natural environment they consume a wide variety of fish, smaller sharks, rays, squid, crabs and lobsters. At the São Paulo Aquarium, fish such as anchovies, sardines, mullets, bicuda, needles, hake, among others are offered 3 times a week.

Tamanho:

3m in length.

Peso:

150 kilos.

Distribuição geográfica:

Coastal regions of the Mediterranean and Red Seas, in addition to the Indian, Indo-Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, even occurring on the Brazilian coast.


Conservação:

This species of shark is particularly vulnerable to overfishing due to its low reproduction rate. Despite its almost worldwide distribution, there are currently only isolated populations with signs of decline. In the past, this species was widely fished, especially by Japan, due to the commercial interest in its liver oil (used in lamps) and its fins (considered a culinary delicacy and also used in pharmaceutical industries). This species of shark is particularly vulnerable to overfishing due to its low reproduction rate. Despite its almost worldwide distribution, there are currently only isolated populations with signs of decline. In the past, this species was widely fished, especially by Japan, due to the commercial interest in its liver oil (used in lamps) and its fins (considered a culinary delicacy and also used in pharmaceutical industries).

Habitat:

They inhabit shallow coastal waters, reaching depths of up to 60m.

Reprodução:

They reach sexual maturity with about 2 meters in length. Gestation, which takes place inside the females oviduct, lasts between 9 and 12 months. During pregnancy, the best developed embryo feeds on other embryos of the same oviduct, such a reproductive strategy is called intrauterine cannibalism and only allows the development of two pups per pregnancy. At birth, the pups are well developed and approximately 1 meter long.

Localização no Aquário de São Paulo:

Marine World Sector.