Blacktip reef shark
• Nome científico: Carcharhinus melanopterus
• Classe: Fish
• Hábitos alimentares: Carnivore
• Status de conservação: Near threatened
Informações gerais:A small shark with a short, rounded snout. Juveniles are yellow-brown on the back and sides, and white on the belly, while adults are brownish-gray and white, respectively. It has this name because of the black tips at the ends of its fins. They occur alone or in small groups.
Longevidade:Around 15 years old.
Dieta:They feed on reef fish, rays, crustaceans and mollusks. There are cooperative predation records in small schooling fish. The sharks gather them on the beach and feed them en masse.
Tamanho:1.8 m in length.
Peso:Até 24 kilos
Distribuição geográfica:Found in the Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian islands and the Tuamotu archipelago. They are also found in the eastern Mediterranean.
Conservação:The main threats to this species are coastal fisheries, both incidental and intentional, since their meat is commercialized and their fins are used in the famous fin soups. They are also sought after because of the liver, which is considered a source of oil. These practices are decimating shark populations around the world.
Habitat:Commonly found in shallow waters, near coral reefs, and occasionally in estuaries. It inhabits the surface up to 75 m in depth. Adults generally flock to the reef channels at low tide.
Reprodução:Viviparous shark. The mating season usually occurs between the months of November and March. During reproduction, several males can mate with the same female. After a gestation of about 10 months, the female gives birth to 2 to 4 puppies. Newborns measure 33 to 52 cm. Sexual maturity reaches males at 8 years of age with about 1 m in length, and females at 9 years of age, with about the same size.
Localização no Aquário de São Paulo:Marine World Sector.