Amazonian Rainbow boa
• Nome científico: Epicrates cenchria
• Classe: Reptile
• Hábitos alimentares: Carnivore
• Status de conservação: Not evaluated
Origem:The rainbow boa constrictors that live in the São Paulo Aquarium came through an apprehension carried out by Ibama.
Informações gerais:Rainbow boa constrictors, or salamantas, have this name because when exposed to the sun, they reflect the colors of the rainbow. They belong to the Boidae family - same as the boa constrictors and anacondas - so they are not venomous. In the past, only one species (Epicrates cenchria) with nine subspecies was recognized. However, in 2008 these subspecies were reorganized into five species, four of which occur in Brazil. The species Epicrates cenchria was divided into two populations, one in the Amazon (Epicrates cenchria cenchria) and the other in the Atlantic Forest (Epicrates cenchria hygrophilus). The rainbow boa from the Amazon is the largest of these species, and has a reddish-purple color and tones that vary when exposed to intense light. They have twilight or nocturnal habits and are semi-arboreal.
Longevidade:From 20 to 30 years
Dieta:In a natural environment, their food consists mainly of small animals such as birds and mammals, but it also consumes amphibians, lizards and eggs. At the São Paulo Aquarium, their diet consists mainly of small rodents.
Tamanho:2.2 m in length
Distribuição geográfica:Amazon basin.
Conservação:Although the Amazonian rainbow boa is not on the list of species threatened with extinction, it is highly sought after by the pet market, due to its beauty, and thus ends up being a victim of animal trafficking, even though there are breeding grounds legalized by Ibama. .
Habitat:The Amazonian rainbow boa is native to this biome and has semi-arboreal habits.
Reprodução:They are viviparous, and their litters have an average of 15 to 25 puppies, reaching up to 35.
Localização no Aquário de São Paulo:Freshwater sector